Gram Swaraj | Strategy | E-Gram Swaraj | Portal | Problems | Conclusion

Gram Swaraj, or village self-rule, is decentralized, human-centric, and non-exploitative. It adheres to working towards an accessible village, economizing, and accomplishing self-adequacy. The organization Gram Swaraj was born to handle crises with ecological rehabilitation, self-governance, and human maturation. It worked on an off-the-cuff causality for two years, then got documented as a community in 1995.

Gram swaraj
Source: Image by Richi Choraria from Pixabay

Understanding Gram Swaraj

The concept is to prepare a self-reliant village. You can accept the idea of Gram Swaraj in all the choice models of rural reconstruction, whose primary focus is on the holistic development of a society where they place individuals within the economic system’s center. 

The nationalist leader presented the unique concept of rural reconstruction extensively before India’s independence that developed over time. Yet, it is considered a flawless development method; Indian planners and policymakers stressed financial development over individuals’ moral and virtuous values after independence. 

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On the other hand, with gaining more importance to sustainable development, the Gram Swaraj concept by Gandhi Ji started achieving prestige as his approach gave significance to the human being’s overall evolution. 

Gandhi introduced Gram Swaraj. Subsequently, it facilitates the modification of each town into a self-efficient and self-reliant entity where all the systems and facilities for a dignified living are available. Swaraj signifies self-rule with never-ending effort towards independence and self-reliance. 

The Strategy

The Strategy is per the regulations of the Gram Panchayat Development Plan, known as the GPDP of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj of that state. In some aspects, the states also guide the Associates of Gram Swaraj with pertinence.

  • Costless Development like ODF free, Violence free, Crime free, etc.
  • Personal Growth
  • Convergence of various Government procedures under all remaining verticals as per GPDP.
  • Infrastructure & Basic Amenities
  • Human Development
  • Social Development
  • Good Governance
  • Environmental Development
  • Economic Development
  • Social Security

For every one of those procedures noted down, there will be a winner at Gram Panchayat level as PRATINIDHI, who would know how of state associated with that Issue, together with the consent of other Pratinidhis. For example, they might do a spot Investigation on the topic in need vs. available and with Congregation Support cause convergence. 

Other Strategies

29 Matters come under the overhead eight verticals, which include Agriculture, Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and conservation, Minor irrigation, water management, watershed development, Rural housing, Khadi, village, and cottage industries.

Also, it includes Safe water, Fuel and fodder, Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways, and other means of communication, Rural electrification, including distribution of electricity, Poverty alleviation programs, Education, Women and child development, Family Welfare, Health, and sanitation, including hospitals, Social welfare, including the interest of the disabled.

The gram swaraj also had made the welfare of the more vulnerable sections, particularly the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, Public distribution system, and maintenance of community assets. The injustice, in a few cases, was painful to them. This is another main reason for generating it.

About E-Gram Swaraj

Gram panchayats in India have now become digitized, and to push e-command across Panchayati raj institutions, the govt. They launched the portal on April 24, 2020. The e-Gram Swaraj portal, established with its mobile application by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the National Panchayati Raj Day, will allow people to access details associated with panchayat evolution works in every town.

About the Online Portal

The e Gram Swaraj portal, a web-based portal for keeping online records of gram panchayats, specializes in securing transparency within the decentralized planning, improvement in reporting, and work-based analysis for the Panchayati raj institutions. Also, they put a remark as a Simplified Work-Based Analysis Application for them.

e-gram swaraj
Source: egram swaraj

The gram swaraj portal will function as one forum supplying comprehensive records of panchayat’s entire villages and their outcomes, from aspiring to performance under the Gram Panchayati Development Plan (GPDP). The e-Gram Swaraj portal is further available in the Hindi language, which can select from the portal’s home porter.

Problems with Gram Swaraj

The primary problem in the financial system is that the false financial set-up subsidized exploitation resulting in the ruination of genuine economic order and peace. In this context, the Gandhian ideal of Gram Swaraj is also appropriate because it concentrates on self-adequacy and self-reliance through financial expansion and contains moral and ethical significance.

Primarily, Gram Swaraj is another pinnacle for serving society. Unfortunately, the agricultural reconstruction model was supposed to be out-of-date and out-of-touch with modernized projects’ preface by the successive Indian government after Gandhis’ death. However, with the increasing distinct evolution challenges in rural India, it evolved appropriately for the founder and policymaker. 

Intro of various schedules like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA),  Community Development Programme (CDP), and Panchayati Raj institutions was impacted by his technique of Gram Swaraj. Therefore, the agricultural reconstruction strategy of Gandhi through Gram Swaraj has often believed altogether of the alternative development strategies.

Some people have rejected this due to the deduction in the economy and have left it because it mainly supports lower caste people more than the higher and middle-class people.


Gandhi’s financial philosophy affected many economists. The industrialization has led to a tremendous economic function, but it’s not enough to form people comfortable. The Gandhian strategy concentrates on the circumstances of happiness. So, the Gandhian village Swaraj focuses on revolutionary decentralization of economic demand to fulfill human requirements and generate professions by employing local help.

Although it’s insufferable to duplicate the Gandhian village swaraj to rural reconstruction as he proposed, it doesn’t mean that the Gram Swaraj principle proposed by Gandhi doesn’t have relevance within the present context. His principles, such as bridging the rural-urban divide, creating employment, concern for the environment, etc., have great importance within the current context, which might utilize to create different development policies. Therefore, its working swing will provide a model for the planet to repeat. It’ll then be a present of India to the world.